The 1828 New South Wales Census was Australia’s first census and took place in November of that year.
Previous government statistics were based on “musters”, a head count of assembled convicts and settlers.
In 1828 the white population of the whole of Australia was 36,598, made up of 20,870 free settlers and 15,728 convicts.
There were 638 of that total white population living in what is now Queensland and just over 18,100 in Tasmania. Almost a quarter were born in the colony and a quarter were women while 25,248 were Protestants, with 11,236 Catholic. Indigenous Australians were not counted.
The 1828 census is the only complete 19th century census to have survived.
Convict Connections – 2018 Paperback